English grammar can be confusing and there are many different rules to follow. What then should you do to construct basic English sentences? As a newbie who wants to learn English, it is best to be calm, be a good listener and ask questions.
Most importantly, it is best to engage in dialogue with other English speakers so they can correct you. To begin constructing English sentences there are some easy steps to follow:
1. The Basic Sentence Rule:
Whether long or short, all sentences comprise of at least a subject, a verb, and an object. Check out the example below:
Paul kicked the ball
In this case, “Paul” is the subject, “kicked” is a verb and “the ball” is the object. The subject is the one or thing that carries out an act. A verb is what is done, and an object is who or what the action is carried out on. Other examples can be:
I ate the food
She cleaned the floor
He spoke to me
Learning to construct basic English sentences comes easy with the basic sentence rule. To go further, it is important to learn new verbs and their meanings. This would help your English to flow better.
2. Asking Questions With The 5 W’s And H :
In asking questions, using What, Who, Where, When, Why and How can be a very good start. The most important question when starting a conversation starts with a “what.”
What is your name?
Starting off with questions can help you to learn better English sentences by listening. Different sentences can be formed from questions, not forgetting the basic sentence rule.
Examples of questions are:
Where is the toilet?
Where are you going?
How are you?
Note that questions can be asked with other verbs like can, should, would, but the 5 W’s are a great way to start.
3 Understanding Parts Of Speech:
Now that you have learnt the basic sentence rule and how to start off conversations with questions, you may now take your English grammar a step further – to understand parts of speech. Parts of speech include nouns, verbs, pronouns, conjunctions, adjectives, adverbs and propositions. These help you to gain full control of your spoken sentences.
A noun is the name of anything – Ben
Adverbs modify verbs – Ben moved quickly
Adjectives describe a noun – Handsome Ben moved quickly
English mail. British Sacarsm.
The bold words are adjectives, modifying the nouns.
4. Good Use Of Conjunctions:
Basic sentences don’t cut it anymore. You want to express yourself all in one breath. Then you’ll need to learn how to make compound and complex sentences. These come with good use of conjunctions. An example would be:
Ben moved quickly and picked up the paper
Although he trembled, he still managed to drink the concoction.
Compound sentences have more than one verb and most likely more than one object. Phrases and clauses are joined together using conjunctions. Understanding the use of conjunctions would be like waving a magic wand to weave as many sentences as you like.
5. Master Punctuation:
Now that you have learnt some rules of English grammar, your Punctuation can go a long way in improving and mastering English writing. Pauses in your spoken sentences can only be shown through punctuation. Questions can only be seen and read as questions with the right punctuation.
How are you?
Even when I’m starving, I try not to take carbonated drinks first.
Go to the bank.
It is also a rule to start each sentence with a capital letter. Every sentence must end with a full stop too unless you are asking a question when it must finish with a question mark. (?)
6. Other Steps Are:
i) Replace nouns with pronouns. So instead of saying a name repeatedly, you use its pronoun.
My name is Josephine. I am ten years old.
She is very beautiful.
‘I’ and ‘She’ are pronouns used in place of nouns in the sentences.
ii) Vocabulary can be improved by learning the spelling of words too. You may decide to learn ten difficult words each day. You’ll be surprised at how good you will be by the end of one week.
Above all, in mastering English and improving your sentences, it is important to be determined to get better and not despair at any incorrect sentence you speak at first. Practice too. That is the only way you can get better.